Cancer is one of the most complex diseases that sweep the world. Sometimes, it isn’t easy to be treated unless it is detected early or at a level where treatment is feasible.
So, it is helpful to know more about this disease, its types, and its warning signs.
Common types of cancer and their symptoms
There are more than 100 types of cancer; some are more common than others, depending on criteria like age, gender, and ethnicity. (For example, prostate cancer affects men only, and breast cancer is much more likely in women).
Keep in mind that some types of cancer do not have symptoms in their early stages, but in case you already have any of these symptoms, it may be for any other disease, so you will need tests to find out the cause.
Now, let’s talk about the types of cancer. This article will address 6 of the most important types of cancer worldwide.
It is a type of uterine cancer that affects the lining of the uterus in women. When a woman hears that she has this disease, she becomes frightened and panicky because of its negative impact on the uterus. But what are the symptoms that accompany endometrial cancer? Here’s a list of them:
Signs of endometrial cancer include:
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding like bleeding between menstrual periods or after menopause.
- Vaginal discharge is not bloody but looks abnormal (like a foul odor).
- Pain or pressure in the pelvic area.
- Lose weight without trying.
If you feel any of these symptoms, don’t hesitate to contact your medical team or one of the services dedicated to online medical consultations.
These signs do not always mean that you have breast cancer; that’s why you must see your doctor if you notice any changes in your breasts.
Symptoms of breast cancer are:
- A new lump in the breast, armpit, or around the collarbone. Most tumors are painless, but some may be. (Check with your doctor if you doubt about signs that you feel)
- Swelling in your breasts
- Irritation, or dimpling (which may make your skin look like an orange peel), thickening, redness, and flaking of the skin of the breast.
- Pain in the breast or nipple.
- Discharge from the nipple (not breast milk).
- Nipple retraction (the nipple is “indented” or tilted inward).
Liver cancer is one of the fatal types of cancer worldwide; you must take immediate measures to treat it if you experience any of its symptoms. Also, you should know more about liver cancer stages and staging systems.
Liver cancer symptoms include the following:
- losing weight without a sedentary diet.
- Lack of appetite or feeling very full after eating a small amount of food.
- Nausea or vomiting.
- An enlarged liver may look like a lump under your ribs on your right side.
- An enlarged spleen may look like a lump under your ribs on your left side.
- Pain in your intestines or near your right shoulder.
- Itchy skin that has no other reason.
- Yellowing of skin and eyes become white.
- Abnormal bruising or bleeding.
- Enlarged veins on your stomach.
- Dizziness or fainting.
- weakness or confusion.
- feeling constipated.
Prostate cancer doesn’t usually cause early signs of cancer. Experts recommend visiting doctors to make tests and checks if you are over 55, whether you feel symptoms or not.
These symptoms can be due to other problems such as prostatitis.
Prostate cancer symptoms are:
- Problems urinating, such as difficulty starting or stopping urination, leakage, interruption of urine flow, or a sudden urge to urinate.
- Pain (may feel like a burning sensation) while urinating
- The need to urinate a lot, especially at night
- Difficulty getting or maintaining an erection.
- Changes in ejaculation with symptoms like pain during ejaculation or a decrease in the amount of fluid ejaculated.
- blood in urine or ejaculate
- Pain in the lower back, hips, pelvic area, or thighs
- Rectal pressure or pain
Colon and rectal cancer
It is called colorectal cancer, this type of cancer doesn’t cause symptoms in its early stages.
Signs of colorectal cancer can also be signs of other problems. See your doctor if you have problems like hemorrhoids or irritable bowel syndrome.
Symptoms of colon and rectal cancer are:
- Lose weight without trying
- Weakness and fatigue
- Changes in bowel like diarrhea, constipation, or narrow stools) that persist for a couple of days.
- Pain in your stomach or intestines that may come or go but last more than a few days
- Pressure in the rectum or abdomen, and you may feel the need to defecate frequently.
- blood in the stool (it may appear dark red or black)
- Rectal bleeding may occur as bright red blood on the toilet paper.
Bladder cancer symptoms are very worrying. If you face any symptoms, see your doctor immediately, considering that these symptoms may have other reasons, like a urinary tract infection, an overactive bladder, or an enlarged prostate.
Symptoms of bladder cancer include:
- Blood in the urine is the first sign of bladder cancer; blood may make urine pink, red, or orange.
- Changes in urination include difficulty urinating, a weak urethra, pain while urinating, or the inability to urinate.
- The different types of cancer treatment
- Cancer treatments include surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and modern techniques such as interventional radiology and immunotherapy.
Common Cancer Treatment Options
This type of treatment can help in controlling cancer and relieve its symptoms.
Immunotherapy is a new form of cancer treatment that uses the immune system to attack cancer cells.
Interventional radiology involves minimally invasive techniques using needles and catheters and is considered a good alternative to surgery for some patients.
Radiation therapy for cancer
Radiation therapy can destroy tumors and prevent them from returning. doctors can use it alone or in combination with surgery, chemotherapy, or both.
Oncological surgeons not only dedicate their efforts to treating people with cancer but also help them recover completely after treatment. They follow up on the case and its developments to ensure that cancerous tumors do not return, and if they return, they develop the appropriate treatment plan for the patient.
Why do some cancers come back again? And what should you do if that happens?
Cancers return when small numbers of cancer cells remain in the body after treatment. These cells are too small to be found in current tests; over time, they can multiply and grow enough to cause symptoms again. Hence, it is best to conduct cancer tests regularly after recovery to ensure no new tumors develop.
Where does cancer develop when returning?
It depends on cancer type:
- In the same area of the body as the original cancer is called a local recurrence.
- Regional recurrence is near the original cancer place that occurred the first time.
- In another part of the body, it is called a distant recurrence.
- Some types of cancer tend to appear in specific places. Doctors call this a “Recurrence Pattern.”
- It is essential to relieve symptoms and side effects during treatment, called palliative care or supportive care. Talk with your health care team about signs, including any new or different symptoms.
Treatment if cancer returns
If testing shows that your cancer has returned, your doctor will talk to you about your treatment options; this would be similar to planning your first cancer treatment. Your doctor will consider the following factors:
- The type of cancer, where it appears, and the level of its spread.
- Your general health.
- The original treatment and its success.
- Your personal goals for treatment.
- The side effects I experienced with the initial treatment.
When you choose a treatment plan, you need to know:
- Goals of each treatment way and the benefits you can expect from it.
- Possible risks and side effects.
- How each treatment can affect your quality of life.
Contact your health team provider constantly to follow up on your case, and don’t hesitate to contact us if you have any medical consultation about cancer; we provide modern online medical consultations from the UK that serve your needs.