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July 22, 2021

Types of blood cancer tests and their treatment ways

We have talked before about Blood cancer, its types, and symptoms. Also, we covered its treatment ways and provided tips to beat it. There’s no doubt that blood cancer is one of the most killer types, especially if you don’t take the right treatment plan. Let’s go deep and answer some questions about blood cancer tests and how doctors diagnose blood cancer.

What are the required tests for blood cancer?

  1. CBC test (Completed blood count).
  2. Kidney functions test.
  3. Liver function check.
  4. Uric acid level test.
  5. Blood smear examination under the microscope.

The CBC blood test measures the white blood cell count, red blood cell count, white blood cell differential, and platelet count.

These are all the required tests to check if you have blood cancer or not. You also should contact your health care provider to evaluate the results of these tests.

What are the expected blood test results in case of blood cancer?

Blood cancer tests results
Results of blood cancer tests

Low white blood cell count: Cancer affecting blood and bone marrow lowers the count of blood tests. Leukemia is one of these cancer types.

Amounts of different white blood cells:

If you find an increase in the average number of lymphocytes or monocytes, you may have some types of cancer.

Low red blood cell count:

Some cancer treatments and cancers that affect bone marrow decrease the red blood cell count; this condition is called anemia.

Low platelet count:

Low platelet count: cancers involving bone marrow can affect platelet count badly and make them more down than usual. The abnormal platelet count is called thrombocytopenia; this condition causes bruising or bleeding.

Ways to diagnose blood cancer:

Diagnosing methods for blood cancer are variable; these methods are summarized:

  1. Physical exam: your health care provider will start to examine some signs on your skin and body, like pale skin, which comes from anemia, lymph nodes swollen, and liver and spleen enlargement.
  2. Bone marrow test: Your doctor may do this test to be sure of having blood cancer or not; he will remove a bone marrow sample from the hipbone using a thin and long needle. Then he sends the blood sample to the laboratory to check for blood cancer cells. This test helps in determining your treatment options.
  3. Blood tests: one of the necessary examinations to check for blood cancer.

Treatment ways for blood cancer:

blood cancer treatment
Blood cancer treatment techniques
  • Chemotherapy:

Doctors introduce anti-cancer medications to the body via vein injection or tablets; this drug plays a good role in killing cancer cells and halting their production.

  • Stem cell transplant:

Stem cell transplantation: Infusing healthy stem cells into the body help in resuming healthy blood production to destroy and beat malignant blood cells.

  • Radiation therapy:

Here, doctors use high-energy rays to kill cancer cells. This treatment takes days or weeks before damaging DNA for the cancer cell to die.

  • Targeted therapies:

Targeted therapies: It is more common to treat leukemia and focuses on killing malignant blood cancer specifically, without harming normal cells,

  • Cancer Surgery:

This treatment focuses on removing the infected lymph nodes to control and treat lymphomas.

  • Immunotherapy:

Sometimes called biotherapy, this treatment focuses on activating the immune system to fight and kill cancer cells.

DoctorFly always helps you in this journey to check if you have blood cancer or any of its symptoms, and it also measures the disease progression level, then ends with setting the best treatment plan for the patient. Click here if you want to reserve a consultation.

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