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July 22, 2021

What are the differences between benign and cancerous tumors

Many people become confused and can’t differentiate between benign and malignant tumors and mistakenly believe they are identical. There are significant differences between benign and cancerous tumors.

If you are diagnosed, you have a tumor; this does not mean that it’s certainly a malignant tumor; it may be a benign tumor that is easy to be treated in many cases.

The first step doctors will take finding out whether your tumor a malignant or benign; the proper diagnosis of your case will affect your treatment plan.

Simply, malignant tumors are cancerous tumors, and benign tumors are non-cancerous tumors; in this article, we will discuss how these two diagnoses affect your health.

What is the definition of a tumor?

A tumor is simply a lump or abnormal growth of cells, sometimes made up of cells that do not pose a threat, and here this tumor is considered benign.

But when cells grow abnormally and cannot be controlled, they may spread to other parts of the body; these are cancerous cells, and as these cells form and grow, the tumor becomes malignant.

To determine whether this tumor is benign or malignant, the doctor takes a sample of cells; another specialized doctor examines tissues by performing tests on the cells; this includes examining the sample under a microscope fur sure.

Benign tumors: non-cancerous

Doctors may need to remove benign through surgery. It is one of the most popular methods of treating this type of tumor. These tumors can be large, sometimes weighing pounds.

It can also be dangerous; These tumors may arise in the brain and fill structures in the closed space of the skull.

Malignant tumors: cancerous

Malignant tumors mean that the tumor consists of cancerous cells which develop and divide quickly in an abnormal way to form a mass of malignant lump.

Cancer cells can move to the bloodstream or lymph nodes and then spread to other tissues in the body.

Cancer occurs anywhere in the body; For example, breast cancer begins in the breast tissue and may spread to the lymph nodes in the armpits if it is not detected and treated early.

Once breast cancer spreads to lymph nodes, cancer cells can spread to the liver, bones, or other body parts.

The most common differences between benign and malignant tumors

What are the main differences between the two types of tumors?

benign tumors vs cancerous tumors
Benign tumors vs Cancerous tumors

Benign tumors and their characteristics:

  • Benign tumor cells tend not to spread.
  • Most benign tumor cells grow slowly.
  • It does not invade close tissues.
  • It doesn’t spread to other body parts.
  • Tend to have clear boundaries
  • Does not secrete hormones or other substances (except pheochromocytoma of the adrenal gland)
  • These tumors may not require treatment if it is not a threat to the patient’s health.

Malignant tumors and their characteristics

  • Cancerous tumor cells can spread to tissues.
  • Usually, overgrow.
  • It often invades surrounding healthy tissue.
  • It can spread through the lymph nodes or bloodstream.
  • The tumor may recur after surgical removal, sometimes in areas other than the first site.
  • It can secrete substances that cause fatigue and weight loss.
  • Diagnosing cancerous tumors may require strong treatment, including surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy drugs.

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